How a visual impairment (VI) can affect communication
The development of language may be delayed for
children with a significant visual impairment as they may not be
able to associate words with specific objects and also pictorial
representation of everyday items.
Children with severe visual impairment can
experience difficulties/delay in the following aspects of the
development of their speech and language:
- Child directed speech (knowing when it is
your turn during turn-taking: lack of confidence)
- Intonation (not be able to see facial, hand
expressions associated with intonation)
- Situational understanding (inappropriate
understanding of what is required in different situations e.g.
sitting still, not seeing others)
- Speech sounds
- Attending and selective listening
- Single-channelled (attending to one thing at
a time) Anticipation (inappropriate prediction of expressive
- Symbolic vocalisation (woof, woof; sound of
- Joint attention and shared discovery (keeping
things close by impacts on shared language and reduces
- Gestures, facial expressions
- Rhythm recognition (not seeing, remembering
latter language patterns)
- Symbolism (2D to 3D recognition)
- Over generalisation
- Visual memory.
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This page was last reviewed 17 April 2013 at 10:40.
The page is next due for review 14 October 2014.