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A - Z of Resident Services:
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SDP (School Development Plan)

A plan that includes a strategy for improving school and student performance in identified targeted areas.

Selective Mutism     

The child does not speak in certain situations e.g. school, but can speak in others, e.g. home. Often psychological in origin.


Special Educational Needs


Special Educational Needs and Disability                   

SENCO (Special Educational Needs Coordinator)

Identified person responsible for coordinating teaching and learning needs, as well as key support services within a setting or school for children with additional needs.

Sensori-neural hearing loss     

A hearing loss arising from the cochlear and 8th auditory nerve.


The ability to place pictures, writing, events, activities or thoughts in a logical order.

Short-term memory

This is an earlier term for 'working memory'. The working memory can be defined as the mental space in which we hold information for a relatively short time while we do something with that information. The term working memory makes it clear that there is active processing taking place, such as the execution of instructions or the addition of two numbers.

SLCF (Speech, Language & Communication Framework)

A clear and detailed framework of the skills and knowledge in SLCN which are important for everyone who works with children and young people. See the Communication Help Point (External Website).

SLCN (Speech, Language and Communication Needs)

SLCN is an 'umbrella' term covering children who do not develop speech and language as expected.

SLI (Specific Language Impairment)

A primary and specific, persistent receptive or expressive language disorder/impairment, in the absence of any other difficulties. It does not include children who do not develop language because of intellectual or physical disability, hearing loss, emotional problems, environmental deprivation or Autistic Spectrum disorder.

Social and functional use of language

This can also be described as 'pragmatic'. It involves understanding the meaning of words and the conventional rules and hidden meaning in language: knowledge of the rules of conversation and the ability to follow them, when to listen, take turns, etc.; knowledge of social rules, how to gain attention and show empathy; as well as the ability to interpret both verbal and non-verbal rules of communication.

Social Communication Skills    

The use of language in social situations, including conversational skills and the understanding and use of non-verbal communication.


This is a visual representation of a person’s social interactions and social links in a group over time.


Sounds that are made and combined in a set way to express language.

SSTM (School Support Team meeting)      

In Worcestershire, there are termly planning meetings between schools and outside agencies. At these meetings, schools' needs are discussed and action is agreed.

Stammering (Stuttering)

See dysfluency

STAR approach

A systematic method of teaching vocabulary (S = Select; T = Teach; A = Activity; R = Review);

Contact: Language for Learning (External Website)  for details of training courses. 


Visual/auditory or kinaesthetic representation of a concept. e.g. picture of an apple that represents an apple

© Worcestershire County Council and Worcestershire PCT 2011.

Further Information

In this section


Within the SLCN Pathway :

  • The use of child/children refers to children and young people
  • The use of setting includes childminders, children's centres, nurseries, pre-schools, schools.
  • The use of parents refers to parents and carers.

More Information

See also in our website

External websites

  • Communication Trust
    Highlighting the importance of speech, language and communication across the children's workforce and to enable practitioners to access the best training and expertise to support the communication needs of all children.
  • Hello Campaign
    Here you will find what the Hello campaign is all about  
  • Language for Learning
    Provides courses and resources for staff from Early Years to Secondary Level and training and materials for trainers to deliver these courses within their own Authorities 
  • Speech and Language Therapy  
    Information from Worcestershire's NHS about speech and language therapy.

We are not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more

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This page was last reviewed 7 August 2013 at 9:22.
The page is next due for review 3 February 2015.